пятница, 29 июля 2011 г.

127. Nobel Prize Winners: Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandala was born in 1918 and is known around the world as a very prominent social, anti-apartheid activist, the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize winner, the first democratically elected president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. His anti-apartheid involvement cost him his freedom as in 1962 he was sentenced to life imprisonment on a number of charges, including sabotage. He spent 18 out of 27 years of his imprisonment on Robben Island, then was released in 1990. Upon his release he led his party in negotiations towards establishing multiracial democracy in South Africa.

Nelson Mandela has been married three times, has fathered 6 children, has 20 grandchildren and an increasing number of great-grandchildren. His first two marriages did not survive the strain of severe political unrest, as well as Mandela's active engagement in the political affairs of his country and consequently his arrest and imprisonment. Mandela was remarried at the age of 80 to Graca Machel, widow of former Mozambican president Samora Machel.

2010 was the year of South Africa. This was the year when a new movie Invictus came on the big screen. It relates a story of Nelson Mandela joining his forces with the captain of South Africa's rugby team, Francois Peinaar, to unite the people. Watch the trailer and complete the assignments below: